Wearable technology or simply wearables are smart electronic devices that can be worn on the body as accessories. In recent years, several types wearables such as wrist wear, clothing, eyewear and more have emerged onto the consumer scene. The opportunties in the market for wearable technology continues to grow and find new niches. In fact, industry analysts predict double-digit growth rates over the next 5 years with more than 230 million wearable devices to be sold in 2020. (IDC, Gartner).
Nagarro, too has recently got an opportunity to participate in an advanced research project on the application of “wearables” in education, launched by the “German Federal Ministry of Education and Research” (BMBF). The aim of the SensoMot project is to use Sensor measurements to determine Motivation indicators for controlling adaptive learning contents. The project duration is of around 3 years (from April 2016 to March 2019) with a total investment of € 1.68 million and includes a consortium of 6 partners from industry and research community under the leadership of Nagarro.
How it could work in the future?
Let’s say you are enrolled in a university course for electrical engineering and simultaneously pursuing a distance learning course to become a technician. You want to start studying through your course material right away. You put on your wearable fitness tracker, connect it to your tablet, and click on the e-learning app. You start with a difficult chapter on resistors connected in series and parallel, and begin to read the text with abstract formulas. The wearable monitors your heart rate, skin resistance, hand movements, and other parameters. The system detects that your motivation level goes down after a while. It then adapts the learning content and proposes a different educational path with more visual explanations, where you can “play” with an interactive graphic and somehow grasp the concepts in “learning by playing” mode. The system could also make it easier by simplifying the problem and start with two resistors and make it more complex in a second step, insert some intermediate exercises to give you a feeling of success or propose to repeat some basic learnings. Depending on the student’s level, whether he or she is more of an analytical or visual learner, content might be adapted dynamically to maintain high motivation and avoid boredom or overstraining.
Project overview and goals
Motivation is a major factor to facilitate deep learning processes. It makes learning fun and interesting, and as a result improves the overall learning process. If motivational problems are detected early, the learning processes can be modified and the learning content can be adapted to the needs of the student.
The goal of the SensoMot research project is to predict critical motivational conditions using sensor measurements collected by wearable devices. By deriving adaptive mechanisms, the learning process can subsequently be tailored to meet the motivational needs of the student. Based on these objective sensor data (e.g. indicating stress or boredom) algorithms for the learning environment will adjust internal variables like the learning speed, level of difficulty or propose alternate learning paths.
Prototypes of adaptive learning scenarios for a university course on “Nanotechnology” as well as a distance learning course on “Electrical Engineering” will be implemented in the project. These will be integrated and evaluated based on the e-learning and e-testing platform “CBA ItemBuilder”, a product developed by Nagarro for its customer DIPF (German Institute for International Pedagogical Research) which is already in use for many years. The resulting learning systems will be made available to a broad variety of educational applications thereafter.
The innovation around SensoMot will facilitate (for the first time ever) detection of motivational obstacles in the way of learning, thanks to non-obtrusive sensors, and adapt learning content accordingly. Learning motivation increased in this manner could lead to greater learning success and lower dropout rates in a wide range of technology-based learning situations.
We are facing three major challenges:
- Can we find wearable devices and provide the “right” sensor data, in a streaming mode to be able to deduce motivation levels? This is not obvious as many of the commercial wearable devices do not provide open interfaces and access to raw data. Typically heart rate, skin resistance, eye tracking and mouse/keyboard movement are used in similar research projects.
- Can we apply adequate pattern recognition and machine learning techniques to infer motivation levels from raw sensor data? The intended process chain is depicted in the diagram below, which shows consolidation of different sensor data via pattern recognition and machine learning to identify motivation indicators and dynamically adapt the learning content accordingly.
- Can we ensure that this sensitive data is secure enough to build the necessary trust so that students are willing to use such a system in their e-learning process?
The result of this research could be a milestone for building adaptive learning environments and making learning processes more efficient, particularly in the context of lifelong learning. But even beyond education; for many other applications the ability to detect motivation levels can be envisaged, e.g. to assess the quality of children nursery or aged care work.
Project consortium partners
Nagarro GmbH - Munich, leading the consortium, will provide the integration of sensor data collection into the “CBA ItemBuilder” platform and develop the basic mechanisms for adapting the learning content at runtime.
The German Institute for International Educational Research (Deutsches Institut für Internationale Pädagogische Forschung) - DIPF is responsible for the scientific project co-ordination.
The distance learning institute “Fernlehrinstitut Dr. Robert Eckert GmbH” (Eckert) ) is the second commercial consortium member besides Nagarro and will provide the test bed and validation for a distance learning course on “Mechanical Engineering”. It is the natural first user of such a technology.
The “Technical University of Ilmenau” (TUIlmenau) will provide the test bed and validation for a university course on “Nanotechnology” and contribute with its competency in usability engineering, man-machine interaction, and media engineering.
The Medical School Hamburg (MSH) will bring in its research competence for the theoretical and empirical identification of motivation indicators and the derivation of adaption algorithms.
The Leuphana University Lüneburg (Leuphana) will provide the machine learning technology to deduce motivation levels from the raw sensor data.